Why 26 January is an important day for India?
On this day 26 January (Republic Day) our constitution was implemented for every people of the nation. On this day our nation became a republic in actual by the establishment of such a constitution. Indian Republic day i.e. 26 January is a national holiday on which every people of India celebrate their freedom from the govt. of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India (by British).
Indian constitution assembly adopts the Indian constitution on 26 November 1949 but it came into effect on 26 January 1950 with the democratic government system and turns the country’s transition toward one of the biggest independent republics.
Why only 26 January?
On 26 January 1929 the declaration of Puran Swaraj i.e. Indian independence was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress to oppose the dominion status of British Regime, this why the 26 January was chosen to implement the Indian Constitution and became republic day of India.
History of Republic Day (26 January):
The history of republic day is very interesting. In December 1929 a congress session was held in Lahore under the chairmanship of Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru in which the resolution was passed that if India was not given dominion status till 26 January 1930 by British Govt., India would be declared a completely independent country.
When the British govt. did not give any dominion status till 26 January 1930, on that day congress announced the ascertainment of complete independence if the nation and starts its movements. From that day until the attainment of independence in 1947, 26 January was celebrated as republic day of India and also after this until it was published authoritatively by constitution assembly.
After India became independent the constitution assembly was announced and it started its work from 9 December 1947. So to make an independent republic and establish the rule of law in the country the constitution was adopted by the Indian constitution assembly on 26 November 1949 and implemented on 26 January 1950.
How we celebrate Republic day:
Republic Day is celebrated with great pomp in the entire country. The center of attraction on this day is the celebration of Republic Day, celebrated on the RajPath of Delhi, the capital of the country. This day is celebrated in the cities of every state of India. A parade/march is performed in every city on the day of January and a salute is given to the national flag.
Delhi, the capital of the country where every state displays its performance and entertains the audience, is the foot of the whole country. First, on Republic Day, the Prime Minister’s convoy leaves from Rashtrapati Bhavan and reaches the National War Memorial directly where the Prime Minister salutes the martyrs in front of Amar Jawan Jyoti and holds silence for a few moments and remember the sacrifices of the warriors who lost their life to serve the nation. The Prime Minister then returns to the main venue and is welcomed by the Defense Minister. Upon reaching there, they meet the heads of the three organs of the army and then apply for the guests and the public meeting present at the ceremony.
The Vice President then arrives at the main venue and is welcomed by the President and the Minister of Defense. The President’s convoy then proceeded to the Rajpath with the Chief Guest taking a farewell from the Rashtrapati Bhavan and arriving at the main venue or saluting platform, he was also welcomed by the Prime Minister. The President of Allied countries is invited as a guest on every Republic Day. Once the President arrives at the venue, a salute is given and the national anthem is played. The President addresses the public and orders to start the program.
On very first, the commander of the parade salutes the President on his own and proceeds. The parade starts at Rashtrapati Bhavan and ends at India Gate and the President stands and greets the entire parade ceremony. Behind them, the warriors honored with the Ashoka Chakraand Param Vir Chakra proceed in the Raj Path, saluting the President on their vehicles.
The three armies of India, land, water, and air display their power and bravery to the audience and the President. In this, the armies display their different war material. Different teams of armies parade with their respective commanders and also include cavalry. Along with this, the country’s police also spreads its light. All parties and institutions like DRDO and ISRO also display their tableau and the spectators sitting on the Raj Path are mourned by the force’s performance and parade. Meanwhile, different army regiment’s band also hypnotize the audience with their tunes. Thereafter, cadets of different institutions like NCC and NDA present their parade and tableau to the President and the audience present on Rajpath Path.
Then begins the tableau performance where various states display their folk art and culture with tableau and folk dance and songs. Meanwhile, famous institutes in different fields present their technology and new plans to the President with the help of tableau. After that, students from various schools and colleges present their presentations.
After this, the Jawans form different types of creations on the motorcycle and do flag marches and salute the President and move forward on the Rajpath. That is why the sky is echoed by the unconscious. The most thrilling moment of Republic day celebrations which all the audience eagerly awaits. This is the power show of the Air Force, where the wing commanders of the Air Force go on to entertain the spectators from above the Rajpath, creating a variety of creations with their crew and aircraft.
Meanwhile, the ceremony ends with the national anthem. After that, the Prime Minister departs from the main venue, greeting the President and the Chief Guest and leaves towards Rashtrapati Bhavan. After this, the Prime Minister also proceeds on the Rajpath, greeting the audience and departs towards Rashtrapati Bhavan. This is how this Republic Day celebration ends.